Monday, November 26, 2012

Western 'isms

-Bell Work (either-or reasoning, dogmatism, dramatic irony, dirge)
-Handbacks-->Essay (hang on to for Thursday) and Response Paper
-Discussion of Existentialism and other 'isms

-Read Chapter 2

-5-10 Points: Where do you see the following isms in Grendel? Be specific about the character who displays it and at which point in the book.

1. **existentialism: Each man exists as an individual in a purposeless universe, and he must
oppose his hostile environment through the exercise of his free will.

2. **nihilism: the belief that there is no meaning or purpose in existence

3. **solipsism: the theory that the self is the only thing really existent

4. heroism: qualities of bravery, noble action; admired by others

5. nationalism: patriotism; national interests are most important

6. imperialism: an empire of many nations and areas all controlled by a central government

7. objectivism: the doctrine that stresses the objective reality of all that is known or perceived (an
object as distinguished from something existing only in the mind)

8. materialism: the doctrine that matter is the only reality and that everything in the world,
including thought, will, feeling, can be explained only in terms of matter; comfort, pleasure, and
wealth are the only or highest goals or values

9. anarchism: all forms of government interfere unjustly with individual liberty and are,
therefore, undesirable

10. dogmatism: dogmatic assertion of opinion, usually without reference to evidence

11. determinism: everything is entirely determined by a sequence of causes—choice of action not
free, but determined by a sequence of causes independent of will (mechanical)

12. isolationism: stay out of other’s area

13. empiricism: in philosophy, the theory that sensory experience is the only source of knowledge;
dependence of a person on his own experience and observation, disregarding theory, reasoning,
and science

14. pessimism: the doctrine or belief that the existing world is the worst possible; belief that evil
outweighs good; the practice of looking at the dark side

15. mysticism: doctrine that it is possible to achieve communion with God through contemplation
and love without the medium of human reasoning; achieving spiritual truths through intuition

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